Ethiopia had become Christian centuries early and also had a large Jewish population known as Beta-Israel. These social groupings included all within a community born within a few years of each other. If you have misplaced any notes or class materials, you can find them on mrcaseyhistory.com. The kings strengthened their realm by controlling and taxing the gold trade with Muslims. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? These Empires usually rose along important trade routes that connected Africa to the Middle East, Europe, and even Asia. This led to increased populations and pressure for migration. But, what happens when all of the major world powers collapse? In this lesson, we look at three of these empires. Originating from of a single community of believers called umma Islam went on to become one of the major political and religious entities of the world at that time. Referres to the society that lived on the east African coast and engaged in Indian ocean trade. 52 terms. In African communities some head chiefs didn't abide by the Kin-based society and they led their villages the way they wanted in their area. Post Classical Africa, America And Oceania 1. Also called the lion prince. One of the most prosperous Swahili city-states. The premium Pro 50 GB plan gives you the option to download a copy of your binder to your local machine. He traveled with soldiers, attendants, subjects and slaves as well hundreds of camels  Merchants traded gold, slaves, and ivory for pottery glassware, and textiles from Persia, India, and China. However, by the 17th century, Mali's power and wealth and begun to decay, and it became the victim of raids as well as the ambitions of neighboring Morocco. Sub-Saharan Africa Post Classical States and Societies. This dynasty claimed to trace its lineage back to the old kings of Axum and, through them, back to Israel's King Solomon. The male heads of family made up the village's ruling council and elected a chief to represent them in intertribal affairs. While Europe worked to crawl out of the chaos of the Dark Ages in the wake of Rome's collapse, a number of states arose in Africa that left a lasting impact upon the region and the world. The most famous ruler of Mali was Mansa Musa, who ruled from 1312 through 1337 CE. Sundiata Keita was the first ruler to take the title Mansa, which means Emperor. Trade centers in sub-Saharan Africa included Gao, Timbuktu, and Koumbi-Saleh. He distributed lavish gifts upon his hosts and distributed enough gold in Cairo to make its value there decline by 25%. Villages were still ruled by chiefs. The post classical period is marked hugely by the expansion of Islamic world. The Post Classical Period in AP WORLD: MODERN covers from 1200-1450 CE. Bantu Migration Bantu tribes migrated across southern Africa, spreading agriculture, ironworking, language and culture to those areas. Much like the other West African state, the source of its wealth was due to its location on the Trans-Saharan trade lines, as well as the mining of gold and salt. This is very heavy in trade and inter-connectivity. However, trade networks transformed the Afro-Eurasian world most significantly through banks spread of religion and transportation. Bantu groups migrated to East African coast and interacted with Arab traders, resulting in Swahili city-states for Indian Ocean trade ... Post-Classical Africa in a Day 3.1 I. A. Often, ideas traveled along these trade routes as well, leading Christianity to take hold in Ethiopia, and Islam to become rooted amongst the peoples of Mali. Sub-Saharan Africa is that part of Africa that is south of the Saharan Desert. Under his rule, local chiefs were allowed to remain in power as long as they swore loyalty to the Empire. The city of Great Zimbabwe served as the capital and had large stone walls, towers, palaces, and public buildings. Name: Post-Classical Africa- Kingdoms, Adventures, and People. The central government consisted of a king and officials who oversaw military, judicial, and financial affiars. Ghana’s . Services. Ethiopia was unique during Middle Ages and the Renaissance for having a large Jewish population, known as Beta-Israel, that had existed for centuries and for being the southern most bastion of Christianity since the rulers and much of the population belonged to the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church. Link to Binder: Link to Current Tab: Email Embed Facebook Twitter Classroom Upgrade to Pro Today! The founder of the Empire was Sundiata Keita who, according to legend, overthrew his brother and the Kaniaga kingdom that had supported him. This kingdom was located in Ethiopa. 's' : ''}}. Men would often clear and prepare land for cultivation, while both genders participated in planting and harvesting. Merchants. Ethiopia was the only native nation in Sub-Saharan Africa to not be colonized by Europeans. Much of what we know about the founding of the Empire comes from the Epic of Sundiata, a mythologized account of the life of Sundiata Keita. Trans-Saharan trade involved the trading of salt and gold. Mansa Musa ruled this empire during its high point. Mali was largely decentralized, with the Mansa holding the most power in the capital, Niani, but local lords holding more power in the countryside. The supreme creator god was believed to have set the world in motion and provide order. To Mecca with a gigantic caravan MECÁNICOS Y ELECTROMECÁNICOS DE CÁLCULO a TRAVÉS DEL TIEMPO by... As the head of the assessment, as well hundreds of camels ï » ¿ Name: Post-Classical Africa unbiased... Mali became the capital city of Gao locally, they were dependant on agriculture and herding to almost parts. 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