You can’t do anything about either of those, they are what they are. In those areas, having more pixels to work with gives you a greater level of accuracy, whether you're drawing angel wings on an image of a model, creating vector art, mastering a movie, or doing anything that requires zooming in and retaining as much visual fidelity as possible. © 1996-2020 Ziff Davis, LLC. Surprisingly, this is actually visible 10 feet away from a 50″ 4K display (or 24″ 1080p monitor — almost the same ppi). Not to be confused with input lag, response time refers to the amount of time it takes for a pixel to change from black to white, or from one shade of gray to another. This is where professional 4K monitors come in. In order to get the best viewing experience, viewing distance and monitor screen size must also be considered. In the case of the latter, due to burn-in issues and problems with brightness, we rated this "monitor" as more of an OLED TV that happens to run at 120Hz, rather than a panel you'd be likely to use as your desktop's daily driver. If you move further away from the optimal viewing distance for a 4K screen (move upward in the graph from the solid blue line), you will eventually hit the optimal viewing distance for a 1080p screen (the solid purple line). By the way, panel type has little to nothing to do with viewing distance. (It sections off parts of your screen that programs in Windows will resize to on their own.) This increases the size of all rendered elements on the screen by that percentage. The screen size, at a 4K resolution, calculates out to a certain number of ppi, in essence the pixel density of the screen. BGR profile might make text a little fuzzy. The recommended distance is based on 10/10 [1] visual acuity [2]. After that, click on the Calculate button and you shall see the recommended minimum and maximum viewing distance. in History and Philosophy of Science, and a Ph.D. in Cognitive Psychology. The tricky bit is that viewing distance isn't fixed; it depends on the size and layout of your desk, your chair position, and so on. Work out an optimal arrangement and some alternatives, measure the distances involved, and use the chart to find a screen that puts you in the blue zone. Now think of your TV as being like a lawn where the pixels on the screen are like individual blades of grass. Not distance, so make sure you don’t confuse the two. There are two ways you can use the graph to get the most out of a 4K TV. Size and refresh rate combo is unique for a 4K gaming monitor. TWISTED NEMATIC (TN). It’s a fine choice if the U2720Q is out of stock, or if you can get it for significantly less than $500. Check the table below for further details about the recommended viewing distance when watching a 4K TV. Connectivity is another thing to check, though for most folks, it comes down to an HDMI or DisplayPort input, and most 4K panels will have both, sometimes several. If you sit too far away, you’ll lose detail as you exceed the resolving power of the human eye. One reason for this is that visual acuity differs across people in a variety of ways. And you'd want to crank everything up to make the 4K investment worthwhile. For starters, let's take gaming. The tradeoffs with TN, however? But you'll want to observe the same screen image, scaled the same amount, to see a meaningful comparison, and that may not always be practical. If your viewing room is arranged so it’s difficult to move closer to the screen, find the distance between your eyes and the screen on the vertical axis of the graph, and read across until you move into the blue area. This can be useful, say, if you have a PC that you're developing on, but you need to test your changes in your program on a separately connected Mac at the same time. Factors like these may make small differences in recommended viewing distances for some individuals. Where’s the sweet spot for a 4K TV? To help simplify your workflow even more, some 4K monitors, such as the business-centric Dell U3219Q pictured above, come with built-in features like an automatic window-sizing tool. That's quite a bit to give up in the name of speed, which means that you'll typically see 4K TN displays only in gamer-centric models. After that’s decided, I usually see people opt for the largest and most expensive monitor they can afford. Refresh rates are where things have really kicked into high gear over the past few years, especially on monitors with native resolutions below 4K. Typically for a 1080 HDTV, the viewing distance should be 1.5 to 2.5 times of the screen size while for the 4K Ultra HD it’s only a 1 to 1.5 ratio. However, they're also the slowest of all the display technologies, offering the pokiest response times and input-lag numbers of the bunch. At 150 percent scaling, it's more likely that you'd be able to fit two or three standard browser windows side by side and still clearly read their text. Due to the bandwidth limits of the HDMI 2.0 and DisplayPort 1.4b interfaces and their cables, early 4K monitors were limited to just 60Hz. It's not quite as simple with 4K monitors. Retina is Apple's trademark for a display so sharp that the human eye is unable to distinguish between pixels at a typical viewing distance. Without getting too deep in the weeds, all three are designed to prevent screen tearing (that is, screen draws with parts of the image misaligned) and stuttering.
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