Betula papyrifera: leaf blades pointed at the apex but not long-tapering, with mostly 7-9 pairs of lateral veins, and fruiting catkins occurring 2-4 together (vs. B. populifolia, with leaf blades long tapering to the apex, with 5-7 pairs of lateral veins, and fruiting catkins solitary or infrequently paired). It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. Whitespire Senior gray birch (Betula populifolia ‘Whitespire’): Good resistance to bronze birch borer. Noteworthy Characteristics. a decoction has been used to treat bleeding piles. Vegetatively propagated plants of this cultivar are considered to have better resistance to bronze birch borer than seed propagated plants, resulting in the use of the cultivar name 'Whitespire Senior' by some nurseries as a way of designating those plants which have been vegetatively propagated. Herb: Grey Birch Latin name: Betula populifolia Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of Grey Birch: The bark is astringent. A tree 20 to 40 ft high, with a rather thin, pyramidal head of branches, often pendulous at the ends; bark of the trunk grey-white, young shoots rough with many warts, not downy. Foliage is often shiny. There are no known threats that are or will adversely affect this species in the foreseeable future. It typically occurs in both dry and wet soils. It will self-seed and form an attractive stand of trees. birch leaf miner is very disfiguring to the foliage and major limitation. Betula nigra - The leaves are 1 1/2 - 3 1/2 inches long and slight wider than long The margin is doubly serrated, with the sub-serration being much finer. Around 1993 this selection was renamed Betula populifolia ‘Whitespire’, unfortunately some nurseries still offer it as Whitespire Asian White Birch even when they have adopted the correct scientific name. Recommended citation'Betula populifolia' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/betula/betula-populifolia/). Smooth, non-peeling, chalky white bark even through maturity someitmes with a tinge of pink marked with black triangles. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. The species, Betula populifolia , or gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree … 3) Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: double serrate Leaf shape: ovate Leaf venation: pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous Leaf blade length: 2 to 4 inches Leaf color: green Fall color: yellow Leaves broadly ovate or triangular, broadly wedge-shaped or truncate at the base, drawn out at the apex into a long, slender point; 2 to 31⁄2 in. Leaf blade broadly ovate to deltate or rhombic with 5--18 pairs of lateral veins, 3--10 × 3--8 cm, base truncate to cuneate, marginally coarsely, irregularly, or sometimes obscurely doubly serrate, apex abruptly long-acuminate; surfaces abaxially glabrous or … It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in September. It also tolerates poor soils. Unlike many varieties of Birch, the Japanese Gray Birch is somewhat resistant to bronze birch borer. 'Whitespire' was originally named as a cultivar of Betula platyphylla var. : Betula occidentalis - The leaves are smaller than other Beech species, only 1-2 inches long and almost as wide, giving the leaf a rounded triangular shape. A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. long. During periods of drought when organic soils can become extremely dry, a hot, slow-moving ground fire can burn all the organic matter and consume the shallow roots, thus killing the tree [ 4 , 31 ]. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Betula populifolia is a very common species in the northeastern portion of its geographic range. Generally growing in a multi trunk, curving or leaning fashion it makes for a beautiful focal point in both residential and commercial landscape settings. long, 1⁄4 in. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to It is most easily confused for the paper bi… They are dark green and glabrous above and paler below, with a coarsely serrated margin. It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. Betula populifolia-- Gray Birch Page 2 Crown density: open Figure 2. org/ articles/ betula/ betula-populifolia/). Suggested uses. Includes Betula nigra 'BNMTF' Dura Heat™, Betula nigra 'Cully' Heritage™, Betula papyrifera - Paper Birch, Betula pendula 'Dalecarlica' - Cut-leaf Birch, Betula pendula 'Fastigiata', Betula pendula - Silver Birch, Betula platyphylla 'Fargo' Dakota Pinnacle™, Betula platyphylla var. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: This cultivar can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Yellow-brown male catkins appear in fall, remaining on tree through winter and opening in spring. This plant has many benefits including ease of transplant, that it casts light shade, and tolerates heat, wind, deer, and drought. It does not kill the plant however; tends to be short lived; very prone to being bent over or snapped off by ice storms of heavy snows ; ID Features. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40 tall. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Betula populifolia is an important successional tree on burned, cleared, or abandoned land in the Northeast. Betula pendula: Drooping cone-like fruits contain numerous small winged seeds that typically mature in late summer. The simple leaves are alternate, singly or doubly serrate, feather-veined, petiolate and stipulate. A genus of 35-100 species of trees, shrubs, and subshrubs; of subarctic and temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Betula populifolia (Grey birch) will reach a height of 10m and a spread of 3m after 20-50 years.. Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) Article for Betula populifolia ... Leaves are doubly-serrate, with larger points where the veins meet the leaf margin, and smaller serrations in between these points. Fruiting catkins 3⁄4 to 11⁄4 in. Shiny 1.5"- 3" long 2"-3" wide, alternate, simple leaves ovate to triangular-ovate, unequally serrate to doubly serrate. Like other birches, it is best transplanted in the spring. (2019) p 191-92 Parts Shown: Leaf, Habit Photo Dirr, Michael A. Dirr's Hardy Trees and Shrubs. It is closely related to Betula pendula Roth of Europe, B. neoalaskana of the Northwest, and several Asian taxa. It is now assigned to Betula populifolia and the plants are often sold under the name 'Whitespire Senior' to avoid confusion. The plant performs best in cool northern climates where summer temperatures rarely exceed 75 degrees F. and where shallow root systems are generally covered with snow throughout the winter. Betula populifolia is an important successional tree on burned, cleared, or abandoned land in the Northeast. The species, Betula populifolia, or gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall. The name 'Whitespire' was incorrectly assigned to Betula platyphylla.. Betula populifolia Gray birch Culture: Gray birch is tolerant of poor soils and may develop chlorosis on high pH soils. Betula populifolia 'Royal Frost' An excellent specimen tree with dark purple, glossy, pendulous foliage providing soft filtered shade in the landscape. However, it is susceptible to leaf miner. Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. This species has some resistance to bronze birch borers but it is still susceptible to injury. It is short-lived, but according to Sargent performs a valuable function in acting as a nurse for the seedlings of more durable trees. form a strategic partnership called N.C. For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tends to grow quickly when young. It seems to tolerate drier soils in its native range. It is closely related to Betula pendula Roth of Europe, B . Recommended citation 'Betula populifolia' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. A tree 20 to 40 ft high, with a rather thin, pyramidal head of branches, often pendulous at the ends; bark of the trunk grey-white, young shoots rough with many warts, not downy. This cultivar demonstrates good resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). neoalaskana of the Northwest, and several Asian taxa. japonica 'Whitespire', Betula 'Penci-2' - Royal Frost ™, Betula utilis var. It occupies sterile and inclement regions, and is one of the first trees to find its way back to land stripped – either by man or by fire – of its original forest covering. Cultivation. It has little to recommend it for gardens except its interest, having no merit that our native birch does not possess in higher degree. Betula populifolia Marshall. Plants stressed by insects seem more susceptible to cankers. Keep the root zones cool and moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches. long, 11⁄4 to 21⁄2 in. Ovate nuts, 1.2-2.2 mm long, puberulous, wings 1.5-2 times wider, ripen fall-spring. It is native primarily from Southeastern Canada to Virginia, with a scattering of plants extending westward to Illinois. The species is noted for its non-peeling chalky white bark and its long-pointed triangular green leaves. The bases of these blades are broadly obtuse, while their tips are elongated and slowly tapering. Scrapings of the inner bark have been used to treat swellings in infected cuts. Male catkins 2 to 31⁄2 in. Section Betula (including the natives B. populifolia, B. papyrifera, and B. cordifolia) is widely distributed in the northern hemisphere.Section Costatae (including B. alleghaniensis, B. lenta, B. nigra, and B. uber) occurs in e. acuminate leaf tips; black triangular patches on … wide; glabrous and shining on both surfaces, glandular above; veins in six to nine pairs; leaf-stalk slender, dotted with black glands, 3⁄4 to 1 in. Japanese Gray Birch grows best in medium to wet, well-drained, sandy or rocky loams in full sun to part shade. Betula populifolia 9 Mature bark creamy to silvery white, exfoliating as long strands; leaf apex acuminate; infructescence scales sparsely pubescent on adaxial surface; domesticated trees adventive or persisting after cultivation. Ideally plant in fertile, moist soil in full sun or light shade but … The cultivar, 'Whitespire', is best known for its upright form, non-exfoliating white bark, dark green leaves and attractive yellow fall color. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. Best foliage colour is achieved in full sun. Green female catkins are conelike 1/2" long, with 3-lobed scales. To contact the editors: info@treesandshrubsonline.org. Birch species are generally small to medium-sized trees or shrubs, mostly of northern temperate and boreal climates. betula populifolia is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft 4in) at a fast rate. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. long. (1997) p 59 Parts Shown: Bark, Habit, Leaf Photo The grey birch in its own region plays much the same part as its ally the white birch does in Europe. Betula populifolia, commonly called gray birch, is a short-lived, narrow-columnar, suckering, deciduous tree that typically grows to 20-40’ tall.It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. Betula populifolia: Gray Birch 2 Crown shape: upright/erect, pyramidal Crown density: open Growth rate: moderate Texture: fine Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It most often appears in a multi-trunked form, but also grows with a single trunk. The barkis chalky to grayish white with black triangular patches where branch meets trunk. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. The Gray Birch - Betula populifolia- Marshall, is most easily distinguished by it's triangular leaf with flattened base, elongated tip and doubly toothed margins.It is a deciduous tree that reached heights of about 40 feet. There are currently no active references in this article. Leafsnap is an electronic field guide for tree … The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. leaves turn orange and red in autumn. Growth rate: medium Texture: fine Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate (Fig. It is not recommended for planting south of USDA Zone 7. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. Architectural, Banks and Slopes, Beds and borders, City, Cottage/Informal, Woodland. Betula populifolia Gray birch A conical to somewhat irregular, small to medium, short-lived tree with grayish white bark that has prominent black triangular patches where lateral branches originate. Images of the Gray Birch (Betula populifolia), including photos of the leaf, flower, fruit, seed, petiole, bark, and tree. The name 'Whitespire' was incorrectly assigned to Betula platyphylla. Betula populifolia: leaf blades long tapering to the apex, with 5-7 pairs of lateral veins, and fruiting catkins solitary or infrequently paired (vs. leaf blades pointed at the apex but not long-tapering, with mostly 9-12 pairs of lateral veins, and fruiting catkins occurring 2-4 together). Although this gray birch has some susceptibility to aphids, birch skeletonizer and dieback, these problems are usually considered to be somewhat minor in comparison to the birch borer and birch leaf miner. diameter; scales downy, with the side lobes broader and more rounded than the middle one. Accessed 2020-11-28. japonica when introduced into commerce in 1983, but that designation was subsequently changed when it was determined 'Whitespire' was in fact a gray birch. Looks great when planted against complementary foliage colours. The scientific name of this tree references a superficial resemblance to some species of poplar (Populus) trees. Watch for leaf spot problems. SPECIES: Betula populifolia IMMEDIATE FIRE EFFECT ON PLANT : Gray birch is usually top-killed by low- to moderate-severity fires. This judgement applies to its behaviour in the British Isles; in its native climate its value as a garden tree may be greater. Accessed 2020-11-30. This tree is noted for (1) its non-peeling chalky white bark with dark chevron trunk patches appearing below each branch base an… For information about how you could sponsor this page, see How You Can Help, Article from Bean's Trees and Shrubs Hardy in the British Isles. However, it does not tolerate dry soils and has shallow roots. 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Nurse for the seedlings of more durable trees trees, Shrubs, mostly of northern temperate boreal. Populifolia 'Royal Frost ' an excellent specimen tree with dark purple, glossy, foliage! Leaf arrangement: alternate ( Fig and the plants are often sold under name! Slender branches triangular patches where branch meets trunk Shrubs Online ( treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/betula/betula-populifolia/ ) in 1750, wings times. The barkis chalky to grayish white with black triangles consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches in! The seedlings of more durable trees Red List of Threatened species ( 2013 ) [ 338 has. Purple, glossy, pendulous foliage providing soft filtered shade in the Northeast drawn-out apex of the leaf and! 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